The Sanctity of Human Life

Hello, World!

Exodus 20:13

Pastor Doug Helms


  1. What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of the sanctity of human life? Name some places where it is taught in the Bible.

  2. Why is human life different in God’s eyes from animal life? Is this distinction clearly appreciated in the unbelieving world? Why or why not?

  3. Is refraining from murder the total fulfillment of the sixth commandment? Why or why not?

  4. Why is the sixth commandment such a rich source for what is means to believe in the sanctity of human life?

  5. What are some of the duties attached to the sixth commandment?

  6. What are some ways Christians can demonstrate a pro-life ethic?


Reference:

Q. 135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment?

A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are, all careful studies, and lawful endeavors, to preserve the life of ourselves (n) and others (o) by resisting all thoughts and purposes, (p) subduing all passions, (q) and avoiding all occasions, (r) temptations, (s) and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of any; (t) by just defense thereof against violence, (u) patient bearing of the hand of God, (w) quietness of mind, (x) cheerfulness of spirit; (y) a sober use of meat, (z) drink, (a) physic, (b) sleep, (c) labor, (d) and recreations; (e) by charitable thoughts, (f) love, (g) compassion, (h) meekness, gentleness, kindness; (i) peaceable, (k) mild, and courteous speeches and behavior; (l) forbearance, readiness to be reconciled, patient bearing and forgiving of injuries, and requiting good for evil; (m) comforting and succoring the distressed, and protecting and defending the innocent. (n)´

~ The Westminster Larger Catechism


Scripture Proofs:

n. Eph. 5:28–29. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church.

o. 1 Kings 18:4. For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the Lord, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.

p. Jer. 26:15–16. But know ye for certain, that if ye put me to death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof: for of a truth the Lord hath sent me unto you to speak all these words in your ears. Then said the princes and all the people unto the priests and to the prophets; This man is not worthy to die: for he hath spoken to us in the name of the Lord our God. See Acts 23:12, 16–17, 21, 27.

q. Eph. 4:26–27. Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: neither give place to the devil.

r. 2 Sam. 2:22–23. And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother? Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still. Deut. 22:8. When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.

s. Matt. 4:6–7. And [the devil] saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Prov. 1:10–11, 15–16. My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause.… My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path: for their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.

t. Gen. 37:21–22. And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him. And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again. See 1 Sam. 24:12; 26:9–11.

u. Ps. 82:4. Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. Prov. 24:11–12. If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain; if thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it? and shall not he render to every man according to his works? See 1 Sam. 14:45; Jer. 38:7–13.

w. James 5:10–11. Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. Heb. 12:9. Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live? See 2 Sam. 16:10–12.

x. 1 Thess. 4:11. … and that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you. 1 Pet. 3:3–4. Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; but let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. Ps. 37:8, 11. Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil.… But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace.

y. Prov. 17:22. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.

z. Prov. 23:20. Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh. Prov. 25:16, 27. Hast thou found honey? eat so much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be filled therewith, and vomit it.… It is not good to eat much honey: so for men to search their own glory is not glory.

a. 1 Tim. 5:23. Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach’s sake and thine often infirmities.

b. Isa. 38:21. For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of figs, and lay it for a plaister upon the boil, and he shall recover.

c. Ps. 127:2. It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep.

d. 2 Thess. 3:12. Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread. See Eccl. 5:12.

e. Eccl. 3:4, 11. … a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance … He hath made every thing beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end. Mark 6:31. And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat.

f. 1 Sam. 19:4–5. And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good: for he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause? See 1 Sam. 22:13–14.

g. Rom. 13:10. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

h. Luke 10:33–34. But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

i. Col. 3:12–13. Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.

k. James 3:17. But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

l. 1 Pet. 3:8–11. Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous: not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it. 1 Cor. 4:12–13. And [we] labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it: being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day. See Prov. 15:1; Judg. 8:1–3.

m. Matt. 5:24. Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. Eph. 4:2, 32. … with all lowliness and meekness, with long suffering, forbearing one another in love … And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you. Rom. 12:17, 20–21. Recompense to no man evil for evil.… Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

n. 1 Thess. 5:14. Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men. Matt. 25:35–36. For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. Prov. 31:8–9. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy. See Job 31:19–20; Isa. 58:7.

Fearless in the Fray

Psalm 46

Pastor Patrick Joyner

  1. What attributes of God are described in the Psalm? How are these important for each of our days?

  2. What does it mean for God to be a “present” help? Why do we need God’s help?

  3. Is trouble something we should always studiously avoid? Why or why not?

  4. In the midst of chaotic destruction why should we not fear? Is there destruction around us? What causes us to wrongfully fear?

  5. How can meditation upon the works of God assist us in being fearless?

Not Dead Yet

Joshua 14:6-12

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. How do we come to know about Caleb in the book of Numbers? What set him apart from most of the other spies that were sent into the Promised Land?

  2. What about Caleb stands out in Joshua 14?

  3. Why do you think Caleb was still strong as 85 years o age, when others at that age were not?

  4. What are some of the opportunities that a Christian has in his older years? Why do some overlook these opportunities?

  5. Does the Christian’s expectation of heaven make him less useful in this life? Why or why not?

  6. What can we be doing now to keep a good attitude when the days of old age come?

Preparing for Old Age - Part 2

Ecclesiastes 12:1-7

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. In verse 2 of our text, Solomon compares the approach of old age to the gathering of storm clouds. Why do you think he uses this analogy? What does it say about old age?

  2. As Solomon describes the advance of old age, what picture does it call to mind?

  3. What are some of the problems of old age as described in our text?

  4. What are some comforts of old age for the believer?

  5. What are some things that we can do to prepare for old age and to age gracefully?

  6. Is it ever too soon to begin to prepare for old age?

The Fall and Rising of Many

Luke 2:34

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. When we hear about the person and work of Jesus, is it possible to be neutral or indifferent to Him? Why or why not?

  2. What happens to the person who rejects Christ? Is it possible for a sinner to think that he is neutral with regard to Jesus, but has actually rejected Him? Explain.

  3. Is unbelief in Christ a neutral thing? Is it possible to not believe in the Lord Jesus and not be in sin as a result of unbelief? Why or why not?

  4. What is the danger involved in not seeing unbelief as sin?

  5. Who are those who fell at the coming of Christ? What are some sinful attitudes towards Christ and the gospel that come to the surface when the gospel is preached?

  6. What is the heart attitude of the ones who are raised up as a result of the preaching of Christ?

  7. Is the falling of the proud and the raising up of the broken always immediately apparent? Why or why not?

  8. What is God saying to you through Simeon’s word to Mary?

Mary Visits Elizabeth

Luke 1:39-45

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. Why do you think that Mary went to visit her cousin Elizabeth? Was the angelic announcement of the birth of Christ not enough to strengthen her faith?

  2. Why do we need the encouragement of a fellow believer from time to time? What does it say about God that He gives His people other people to help them along in the faith?

  3. What was the meaning of the baby leaping in Elizabeth’s womb? What prophecy was fulfilled when this happened?

  4. What was the third confirmation Mary received?

  5. What were some of the “blessings” that came out of Elizabeth’s prophecy?

  6. How is Mary’s response a pattern for all believers to follow?

The Announcement to Mary

Luke 1:26-38

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. Despite the supernatural nature of the account, why might the announcement to Mary of the Savior’s birth not come as a surprise?

  2. What is the significance of the angel Gabriel making his announcement in a town in Galilee?

  3. Why do you think God chose Mary to carry the Son of God? Why would He not choose someone of higher social standing? Why not a princess?

  4. Is there any indication in our text that Mary would be a repository of grace for those in need? How do we know that Mary was herself, a recipient of God’s grace?

  5. What is the significance of the name “Jesus”?

  6. What in our text indicates that Jesus was more than just a man? More than a great man?

  7. What are some things that come out of this announcement that give you hope in the face of life’s difficulties?

The Miracle of Salvation

Ephesians 2:1-10

Corey Woodard

  1. According to Ephesians 2:1 what causes spiritual death?

  2. Can someone be spiritually neutral towards God?

  3. Why does God show His mercy to Sinners and make them alive in Christ?

  4. How is anyone saved from their sin?

  5. What should be our response to meditating on the miracle of salvation?

When Things Are Beyond Our Control

Ecclesiastes 9:11-18

Pastor Doug Helms


  1. What does the wise man of Ecclesiastes mean when he says, “time and chance happen to them all”? Is the world ruled by fate?

  2. Are all accidents preventable? Why or why not? Should we try to prevent accidents?

  3. According to our text, what can we do to prepare for the evil day?

  4. Does wisdom always bring about our desired end? Why or why not? If not, does that make wisdom useless?

  5. Where does wisdom find it’s perfect fulfillment?

Christ's Example to Us as Servants

John 13:1-20

Pastor Patrick Joyner

  1. Is Christ’s example of servanthood in John 13 an exhortation for us all to be this type of servant?

  2. Why must servants be aware of their surroundings and the people they are called to serve?

  3. What must we do to have this position of strength that Jesus had in service, instead of a sense of despair?

  4. Why would some people be uncomfortable with my service to them? Should I not serve them because of this?

  5. As we age and walk with the Lord through the years, do we graduate from being a servant to one who is mostly served?

Suspicious Minds - Part 2

John 7:24

Pastor Doug Helms


  1. What was wrong with the way the Pharisees judged Jesus for healing the man on the Sabbath, in John 7:21?

  2. What are some dangers that come about when we judge a person or a situation by outward appearances?

  3. Why is it wrong to judge a person’s motives? Is it possible to know a persons motives? How can we know another person’s motives?

  4. In a court of law, how is a person’s guilt established? Does this have anything to say about how we judge others?

  5. What is the biblical way to deal with fear of man?

Suspicious Minds - Part 1

1 Samuel 18:6-9

Pastor Doug Helms


  1. Is it always wrong to be suspicious of a person or a situation? Why or why not?

  2. Why was King Saul suspicious of David? What did his suspicion of David say about his attitude towards God?

  3. What are some sins that usually go with a suspicious mind?

  4. What are some of the causes of sinful suspicion?

  5. What can we do to overcome sinful suspicion in our hearts?

Friendships in the Body - Part 2

Romans 12:10

Pastor Doug Helms


  1. Do godly friends always make us feel good about ourselves? Why or why not?

  2. What are some scriptures verses that talk about one friend rebuking another?

  3. Is it possible to love your brother/sister, and never confront him in his sin? Why or why not?

  4. Is every rebuke of a Christian brother/sister appropriate? Explain your answer.

  5. Is every rebuke of a Christian brother/sister done the way it is supposed to be done? Why or why not?

  6. What are some of the “one another” commands? What do these commands say about the need for us to maintain close relationships?

Friendship's in the Body - Part 1

John 13:34 - 35

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. What is a friend? What does true friendship look like?

  2. What are some biblical examples of true friendship? What is the perfect model of what true friendship is?

  3. How important is it that we have close, intimate friends in the church body? Why is it important?

  4. Why is it natural that we would have strong friendships within the church family?

  5. What are some benefits of having godly friends in our lives?

  6. hat are some ways that we can cultivate godly friendships in the body of Chris?

True and False Leadership - Part 2

2 Corinthians 11:16-21

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. What was the leadership of Jesus like? Why is it important that we use His example for the leadership we exercise?

  2. Why is hyper-headship a satanic distortion of biblical leadership?

  3. What is wrong with the attitude “I will be good to her if she respects me”? What is the biblical attitude?

  4. Why are conservative churches vulnerable to the error of hyper-headship? What will protect us from falling for this error?

  5. Does a spouse who suffers an on-going pattern of oppression in the home have any righteous recourse?

  6. What would the servant leadership of Jesus look like in the home? In the church?

True and False Leadership - Part 1

2 Corinthians 11:16-21

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. Why is Paul embarrassed by the way he has to speak in 2 Corinthians 11:16-21?

  2. What is it that the Corinthian Christians are doing that is so troubling to Paul? Why does it trouble him?

  3. Is all strong leadership good? Why or why not?

  4. What are some of the things the false leaders in Corinth are doing to the Corinthian Christians?

  5. What is the biblical alternative to the “power of coercion”?

  6. What was the leadership of Jesus like? Why is it important that we use His example for the leadership we exercise?

  7. What would the servant leadership of Jesus look like in the home? In the church?

  8. What is biblical complementarianism? How can the biblical teaching on the wife’s submission to the husband be distorted?

Excuses Answered

Romans 10:18-21

Pastor Doug Helms

  1. What question is Paul answering in Romans 9, 10, and 11? What are the first three answers to that question?

  2. What are the two excuses given, in our text, to try to show the nation of Israel innocent of their disobedience to the gospel? Why are these not good excuses?

  3. Why were the Jews jealous of the Gentiles for receiving the message of Christ? What did their jealousy prove about themselves?

  4. What was offensive to the Jews about God going to the Gentiles with His message of salvation?

  5. Why do people today seem to understand the good news of the message of Christ and still oppose it?

  6. Is the preaching of the gospel enough to save sinners? What is God’s “secret weapon” against sinful unbelief?

  7. What three things do the out-stretched hands of God, in verse 21, each us? What is the natural response to the out-stretched hand in verse 21? Why?

  8. Is there any indication in your life that you love and appreciate God’s grace and kindness to you?